2022: Sex-specific effects of fluoride and lead on thyroid endocrine function in zebrafish (Danio rerio)

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2022: Sex-specific effects of fluoride and lead on thyroid endocrine function in zebrafish (Danio rerio)

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Lu Y, Zhang X, Chen J, Cao J, Feng C, Yun S, Cheng Y, Cheng F - "Sex-specific effects of fluoride and lead on thyroid endocrine function in zebrafish (Danio rerio)" Chem Biol Interact 110151 (2022). doi: 10.1016/j.cbi.2022.110151
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/a ... 9722003568

Abstract

Fluoride (F) and lead (Pb) are widespread pollutants in the environment. F and Pb affect the thyroid endocrine system, but the mechanism of action between F and Pb is still unclear. In this study, in order to evaluate the effects of F or/and Pb on histopathological changes, antioxidant indices, the levels of thyroid hormones (THs) and the expression of endocrine-related genes in zebrafish thyroid. One thousand and two hundred zebrafish (female:male = 1:1) were randomly divide into four groups: control group (C group), 80 mg/L F group (F group), 60 mg/L Pb group (Pb group), and 80 mg/L F + 60 mg/L Pb group (F + Pb group) for 45 d and 90 d. Histopathological sections showed a loss of glia and follicular epithelial hyperplasia in the thyroid gland after exposure to F and Pb. Oxidative stress in the thyroid was induced after F and Pb exposure. And each oxidation index was increased after F + Pb exposure. Combined F and Pb exposure aggravated the downregulation of thyroid hormones T3 and T4 compared to exposure alone. Furthermore, F and Pb exposure altered the expression of thyroid endocrine-related genes in a time-dependent manner. These results indicate that F and Pb can affect the endocrine system of thyroid by changing the tissue structure, antioxidant capacity, thyroid hormone secretion and the levels of endocrine-related genes in thyroid. F and Pb can also produce toxic effects on thyroid, but the degree of poisoning is different in different indicators, mainly for the additive effect between them. Additionally, males are more sensitive than females to F or Pb toxicity. However, the specific molecular mechanism of the effects of F and Pb on thyroid endocrine system needs to be further studied.
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